The Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste
A Systematic Basis for Planning and Management at the National, Regional, and Community Levels
Planning Information Corporation
As currently developed, the HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models describe, but do not map, shipment routes. Figure 14-1 presents the HIGHWAY description of a cross-country truck shipment route to Yucca Mountain, using Oyster Creek (NJ) as the trip origin for illustration purposes:
The first line of the output shows the origin ("OYSTER CREEK NP, NJ") and the departure date and time.
|—||the distance to the nearest "node" or intersection (12.0 miles);|
|—||the route to that intersection (U.S. Highway 9, or "U9");|
|—||the name of the node ("TOMS RIVER" at the intersection of "TGSP," or the Garden State Parkway, and "X82," or exit 82, in "NJ");|
|—||the cumulative distance from the origin (12.0 miles);|
|—||the cumulative time required to complete travel from the origin to this node ("0:16"); and|
|—||the date and time of arrival at the node ("2/01 @ 16:19").|
Each line thereafter includes similar information for subsequent links in the route from Oyster Creek to Yucca Mountain.
According to the model output, the 2,688-mile route from eastern New Jersey to southern Nevada would pass through Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Colorado, and Utah; travel time at an average speed of 53.4 miles per hour would be just over 2 days (50.4 hours).
Figure 14-2 presents the INTERLINE description of a cross-country rail route to Yucca Mountain, again using Oyster Creek (NJ) as the trip origin for illustration purposes:
For each node along the route, the listing indicates the rail carrier, the node number and name, the state in which the node is located, and the cumulative route distance.
According to the model output, the default rail route under the MPC base case from Oyster Creek to Yucca Mountain would use Conrail lines to travel to Chicago where shipments would be transferred to the Chicago and North Western to Fremont, Nebraska, and from there on the UP to Caliente or Valley. The total travel distance, excluding new rail construction* or heavy-haul segments at either end, is 2,847 miles.
|*||Note that INTERLINE assumes construction of a rail spur from Valley to Yucca Mountain, operated by the U.S. government (USG). In this analysis, we assume construction and use of an intermodal transfer facility and a heavy-haul route for all shipments.|
In route mapping, each segment in the model output is identified on a master map of the nation's major highways or railroads. The mapped route can then be shown in relation to state boundaries, county boundaries, or other more detailed information. Mapped routes for all shipment origins reveal combined shipment impacts for each route segment (see Figure 14-1).
|Figure 14-1. HIGHWAY Model Output (Oyster Creek to Yucca Mountain:|
LWT Truck Base Case Route)
|Figure 14-2. INTERLINE Model Output, Rail Base Case, Oyster Cr to Yucca Mtn.|