The Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste

A Systematic Basis for Planning and Management at the National, Regional, and Community Levels

Prepared By
Planning Information Corporation
Denver, Colorado
September, 1996

11.   Transportation Choice Scenarios: Three Scenarios

Considering the factors discussed in sections 8, 9, and 10, this assessment identifies three transportation choice scenarios, each specifying the assumed utility choice among available cask options (see Section 7) for each storage location (see Section 2). These scenarios, detailed in Table 11-1, assume that the utility's transportation choice does not change during the shipment campaign.

The MPC Base Case Scenario

The "MPC base case" set of utility transportation choices reflects previous work conducted by the state of Nevada to represent the most likely highway and rail routes for shipments of nuclear waste to Yucca Mountain using DOE's proposed Multi-Purpose Canister system for nuclear waste storage, transportation, and disposal20 For this assessment, the previous MPC base case transportation choice assumptions were reviewed; rail shipments by small and large MPC were specified; transportation choices for defense sites (e.g., Hanford, INEL, SRS, West Valley) and certain other storage locations (e.g., General Atomics research fuel) were specified.

In the MPC base case scenario, spent fuel stored at 17 commercial plant sites (listed below) is shipped by legal-weight truck; all other commercial plant sites ship by small or large MPC. If the high- capacity GA-4/9 cask is not available, the scenario assumes that legal-weight truck shipments would use a cask similar in capacity to the NLI-1/2 or NAC LWT.

Spent fuel stored at Hanford, INEL, and West Valley, as well as research fuel stored at sites such as General Atomics are shipped by legal-weight truck in the MPC base case scenario. However, HLW vitrified and stored in canisters at Hanford, INEL and Savannah River is shipped by rail in an MPC adapted for this purpose.

The Current Capabilities Scenario

Assuming that utilities may be reluctant to make major investments to upgrade cask loading capabilities or near-site infrastructure, the current capabilities scenario identifies 15 additional commercial sites which could choose to ship by legal-weight truck, and assumes that the high-capacity GA-4/9 cask is not available:

Furthermore, the current capabilities scenario identifies 14 sites which might choose to ship by small MPC, rather than by large MPC as assumed in the MPC base case:

Obviously, the current capabilities scenario generates a larger number of shipments with greater highway impacts than does the MPC base case.

The Maximum Rail Scenario

Considering the upgrade potentials at each storage location, and assuming effective incentives for utilities to make the upgrades, the "maximum rail scenario" identifies 14 commercial sites (of the 17 which ship by truck in the MPC base case) which might ship by rail:

The sites in columns 1 and 2 above are assumed to upgrade for shipment by small MPC, while those in column 3 are assumed to upgrade for shipment by large MPC. The upgrades reduce the number of commercial sites which ship by truck to three: Ginna, Indian Point, Fort St. Vrain—all of which are assumed to use the high-capacity GA-4/9 cask.

In addition, the maximum rail scenario assumes that Three Mile Island upgrades for shipment by large MPC, rather than by small MPC as in the MPC base case.

DOE's Transportation Choice Assumptions

While DOE has not estimated annual shipments by route segment, several DOE studies consider transportation choices on a site-by-site basis: a 1996 "preliminary transportation strategy study for a potential Nevada repository",21 and a 1993 evaluation of the use of MPCs in DOE's waste management system.22 Appendix A reviews the transportation choice assumptions in these DOE studies, comparing them with the transportation choice scenarios outlined above.

Table 11-1. Utility Transportation Choice Scenarios: by Storage Location
    TRANSP CHOICE:
    ------ ------ ----
  FUEL STRG LOCATION: CCP MPC MXR
  ------------------- ---- ---- ----
1 ARKANSAS NUCLEAR 1 R75 R125 R125
2 ARKANSAS NUCLEAR 2 R75 R125 R125
3 ARKANSAS NUCLEAR DRY STRG R75 R125 R125
4 BEAVER VALLEY 1 R75 R125 R125
5 BEAVER VALLEY 2 R75 R125 R125
6 BELLEFONTE 1 R125 R125 R125
7 BELLEFONTE 2 R125 R125 R125
8 BIG ROCK 1 LWT LWT R75
9 BRAIDWOOD 1 R75 R125 R125
10 BROWNS FERRY 1-2 LWT R125 R125
11 BROWNS FERRY 3 LWT R125 R125
12 BRUNSWICK 1 R75 R75 R75
13 BRUNSWICK 1 PWR POOL R75 R75 R75
14 BRUNSWICK 2 R75 R75 R75
15 BRUNSWICK 2 PWR POOL R75 R75 R75
16 BYRON 1 R75 R125 R125
17 CALLAWAY 1 LWT R125 R125
18 CALVERT CLIFFS 1-2 LWT R125 R125
19 CALVERT DRY STORAGE LWT R125 R125
20 CATAWBA 1 R125 R125 R125
21 CATAWBA 2 R125 R125 R125
22 CLINTON 1 R75 R125 R125
23 COMANCHE PEAK 1 R125 R125 R125
24 COOK 1 LWT R125 R125
25 COOPER STATION LWT R75 R75
26 CRYSTAL RIVER 3 LWT LWT R75
27 DAVIS-BESSE 1 R125 R125 R125
28 DAVIS-BESSE DRY STRG R125 R125 R125
29 DIABLO CANYON 1 LWT R125 R125
30 DIABLO CANYON 2 LWT R125 R125
31 DRESDEN 1 LWT R75 R75
32 DRESDEN 2 LWT R75 R75
33 DRESDEN 3 LWT R75 R75
34 DUANE ARNOLD R75 R125 R125
35 ENRICO FERMI 2 LWT R125 R125
36 FARLEY 1 R125 R125 R125
37 FARLEY 2 R125 R125 R125
38 FITZPATRICK LWT LWT R125
39 FORT CALHOUN LWT LWT R75
40 FORT ST VRAIN LWT LWT LWT
41 FORT ST VRAIN DRY STRG LWT LWT LWT
42 GINNA LWT LWT LWT
43 GRAND GULF 1 LWT R125 R125
44 HADDAM NECK LWT LWT R75
45 HARRIS 1 R75 R125 R125
46 HARRIS 1 BWR POOL R75 R125 R125
47 HATCH 1-2 R125 R125 R125
48 HOPE CREEK LWT R125 R125
49 HUMBOLDT BAY LWT LWT R75
50 INDIAN POINT 1 LWT LWT LWT
51 INDIAN POINT 2 LWT LWT LWT
52 INDIAN POINT 3 LWT LWT LWT
53 KEWAUNEE LWT R125 R125
54 LACROSSE LWT LWT R75
55 LASALLE 1-2 R75 R125 R125
56 LIMERICK 1-2 R75 R125 R125
57 MAINE YANKEE R125 R125 R125
58 MCGUIRE 1 R75 R125 R125
59 MCGUIRE 2 R75 R125 R125
60 MILLSTONE 1 R75 R75 R75
61 MILLSTONE 2 R75 R75 R75
62 MILLSTONE 3 R75 R75 R75
63 MONTICELLO LWT LWT R75
64 NINE MILE POINT 1 R75 R125 R125
65 NINE MILE POINT 2 R75 R125 R125
66 NORTH ANNA 1&2 R75 R125 R125
67 NORTH ANNA DRY STRG R75 R125 R125
68 OCONEE 1&2 LWT R125 R125
69 OCONEE 3 LWT R125 R125
70 OCONEE DRY STORAGE LWT R125 R125
71 OYSTER CREEK 1 LWT R125 R125
72 OYSTER CREEK DRY STRG LWT R125 R125
73 PALISADES LWT LWT R125
74 PALISADES DRY STORAGE LWT LWT R125
75 PALO VERDE 1 R125 R125 R125
76 PALO VERDE 2 R125 R125 R125
77 PALO VERDE 3 R125 R125 R125
78 PEACHBOTTOM 2 LWT LWT R125
79 PEACHBOTTOM 3 LWT LWT R125
80 PERRY 1 R125 R125 R125
81 PILGRIM 1 LWT LWT R75
82 POINT BEACH 1&2 LWT R125 R125
83 POINT BEACH DRY STRG LWT R125 R125
84 PRAIRIE ISLAND 1&2 R125 R125 R125
85 PRAIRIE ISLAND DRY STRG R125 R125 R125
86 QUAD CITIES 1 R75 R75 R75
87 RANCHO SECO 1 R75 R125 R125
88 RANCHO SECO DRY STRG R75 R125 R125
89 RIVER BEND 1 R125 R125 R125
90 ROBINSON 2 R75 R75 R75
91 ROBINSON DRY STORAGE R75 R75 R75
92 SALEM 1 LWT R125 R125
93 SALEM 2 LWT R125 R125
94 SAN ONOFRE 1 R125 R125 R125
95 SAN ONOFRE 2 R125 R125 R125
96 SAN ONOFRE 3 R125 R125 R125
97 SEABROOK 1 R125 R125 R125
98 SEQUOYAH 1 R125 R125 R125
99 SHOREHAM NA NA NA
100 SOUTH TEXAS 1 R125 R125 R125
101 SOUTH TEXAS 2 R125 R125 R125
102 ST LUCIE 1 LWT LWT R125
103 ST LUCIE 2 LWT LWT R125
104 SUMMER 1 R125 R125 R125
105 SURRY 1&2 LWT R125 R125
106 SURRY DRY STORAGE LWT R125 R125
107 SUSQUEHANNA 1-2 R125 R125 R125
108 SUSQUEHANNA DRY STRG R125 R125 R125
109 THREE MILE ISLAND 1 R75 R75 R125
110 TROJAN R125 R125 R125
111 TURKEY POINT 3 LWT R125 R125
112 TURKEY POINT 4 LWT R125 R125
113 VERMONT YANKEE 1 LWT LWT R75
114 VOGTLE 1-2 R75 R75 R75
115 WASH NUCLEAR 2 R125 R125 R125
116 WATTS BAR 1&2 R125 R125 R125
117 WATERFORD 3 R125 R125 R125
118 WOLF CREEK 1 R125 R125 R125
119 YANKEE-ROWE 1 LWT LWT R75
120 ZION 1&2 R75 R125 R125
121 HANFORD SNF STRG LWT LWT LWT
122 HANFORD SNF STRG LWT LWT LWT
123 INEL SNF STRG LWT LWT LWT
124 INEL SNF STRG LWT LWT LWT
125 INEL SNF STRG LWT LWT LWT
126 SAVANNAH RV SNF STRG LWT LWT LWT
127 SAVANNAH RV SNF STRG LWT LWT LWT
128 WEST VALLEY SNF STRG LWT LWT R125
129 WEST VALLEY SNF STRG LWT LWT R125
130 MORRIS LWT R125 R125
131 MORRIS LWT R125 R125
132 GENERAL ATOMICS LWT LWT LWT
    ====== ====== =====

Transp Choice CCP: Current Capabilitiies (NWPO: May 1996)
  MPC: MPC "Base Case" (NWPO: May 1996)
  MXR: Maximum Rail (NWPO: May 1996)
Shipment Cask Options: R125: Large MPC for up to 21 PWR or 40 BWR
  R75: Small MPC for up to 12 PWR or 24 BWR
  LWT: Legal-weight truck casks…. GA-4/9 if avail,
NLI-1/2 or NAC LWT otherwise

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