The Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste

A Systematic Basis for Planning and Management at the National, Regional, and Community Levels

Prepared By
Planning Information Corporation
Denver, Colorado
September, 1996

8.   Near-Site Infrastructure

Sites with Onsite Rail

At many storage locations, a rail line extends to the plant site and to the cask receiving area in the fuel handling building and/or the dry storage facility or barge loading platform. At some such locations, however, the onsite rail line requires upgrading for spent fuel rail shipments.

Sites without Onsite Rail

Locations without onsite rail may choose to transport the rail cask by heavy-haul truck or barge to an offsite railhead where the cask can be loaded onto a rail car for cross-country shipment. Such a decision, however, can introduce complications which could persuade a utility to choose to ship by legal- weight truck, or at least to hesitate before choosing to ship by rail.

Branch Rail Line Abandonments

Due to branch rail line abandonments, a number of storage locations which had onsite rail when the reactor was constructed do not have onsite rail now, or may not have onsite rail by the time a national shipment campaign begins. For example:

DOE's "NSTI" Database

DOE's Near-Site Transportation Infrastructure (NSTI) project18 assessed the existing capabilities and upgrade potentials of transportation networks near 76 spent fuel storage sites. The assessment was conducted in 1989, and has not been systematically updated. Also, the NSTI final report makes clear that it does not recommend which transportation mode or shipping route should be used at the 76 sites, or imply that the utility or plant operator for any facility or transportation system has expressed the intention of completing the upgrades assessed (Table 8-1).

Onsite Rail, Plus Rail Cask Loading

In fact, the utility's transportation choice will not be made on the basis of either near-site transportation or storage facility infrastructure, but on the combination of these factors with other considerations. This assessment generally assumes that a site will ship by rail if onsite rail is available and if the storage location facilities are able to load a 75 or 125-ton rail cask. In other words, it is generally assumed that a utility will find it advantageous to ship by rail if the additional investment required is small. For example,

No Onsite Rail or Rail Cask Loading

This assessment generally assumes that a site will ship by truck if on-site rail is not available and if current storage location facilities are unable to load a 75 or 125-ton rail cask. In other words, it is generally assumed that a utility will ship by legal-weight truck if the additional cost (in facility upgrades or logistical complication) to ship by rail is large. For example:

Near-Site Transportation/Cask Loading Combinations

In such circumstances, utilities must choose among available transportation cask options and make the consequent investment in pool facilities or near-site infrastructure to support the choice. DOE/OCRWM, which is responsible for the national shipment campaign, has an interest in and influence on the utility's choice, but cannot force utility investment beyond what the utility considers reasonable and appropriate. Each utility also has an interest in the success of the national shipment campaign—that is, an interest beyond minimizing the cost of moving spent fuel off its particular sites. In sum, choices among available transportation cask options will be made pool by pool and site by site, based on each utility's choice criteria and in the context of federal policy and the various facility, site and transportation network circumstances at the time the choice must be made. For planning purposes, this assessment specifies the available cask options (section 6), and considers three sets of possible utility transportation choices (section 11). Before reviewing the transportation scenarios, we consider several other choice factors—federal policy, utility choice criteria, and changing circumstances.

Table 8-1. Near-Site Infrastructure: by storage Location

    NEAR-SITE FACTOR:      
    ----- ----- ----- ----
  FUEL STRG LOCATION: OSR OP? OS$ OFD
  ------------------- --- --- --- ---
1 ARKANSAS NUCLEAR 1 Y Y 0 0
2 ARKANSAS NUCLEAR 2 Y Y 0 0
3 ARKANSAS NUCLEAR DRY STRG Y Y 0 0
4 BEAVER VALLEY 1 Y Y 0 0
5 BEAVER VALLEY 2 Y Y 0 0
6 BELLEFONTE 1 ND ND ND ND
7 BELLEFONTE 2 ND ND ND ND
8 BIG ROCK 1 N NA 0 13
9 BRAIDWOOD 1 Y Y 10 0
10 BROWNS FERRY 1-2 N NA 20 9
11 BROWNS FERRY 3 N NA 20 9
12 BRUNSWICK 1 Y Y 0 0
13 BRUNSWICK 1 PWR POOL Y Y 0 0
14 BRUNSWICK 2 Y Y 0 0
15 BRUNSWICK 2 PWR POOL Y Y 0 0
16 BYRON 1 Y Y 0 0
17 CALLAWAY 1 N NA 0 15
18 CALVERT CLIFFS 1-2 N NA 0 37
19 CALVERT DRY STORAGE N NA 0 37
20 CATAWBA 1 Y N 0 0
21 CATAWBA 2 Y N 0 0
22 CLINTON 1 Y N 0 0
23 COMANCHE PEAK 1 Y Y 125 0
24 COOK 1 Y N 100 0
25 COOPER STATION Y Y 0 0
26 CRYSTAL RIVER 3 Y Y 80 0
27 DAVIS-BESSE 1 Y Y 0 0
28 DAVIS-BESSE DRY STRG Y Y 0 0
29 DIABLO CANYON 1 N NA 0 19
30 DIABLO CANYON 2 N NA 0 19
31 DRESDEN 1 Y Y 25 0
32 DRESDEN 2 Y Y 25 0
33 DRESDEN 3 Y Y 25 0
34 DUANE ARNOLD Y Y 0 0
35 ENRICO FERMI 2 Y N 125 0
36 FARLEY 1 Y Y 45 0
37 FARLEY 2 Y Y 45 0
38 FITZPATRICK Y Y 10 0
39 FORT CALHOUN N NA 0 6
40 FORT ST VRAIN Y N 100 0
41 FORT ST VRAIN DRY STRG Y N 100 0
42 GINNA N NA 0 4
43 GRAND GULF 1 N NA 0 24
44 HADDAM NECK N NA 0 14
45 HARRIS 1 Y Y 0 0
46 HARRIS 1 BWR POOL Y Y 0 0
47 HATCH 1-2 Y Y 0 0
48 HOPE CREEK N NA 0 23
49 HUMBOLDT BAY Y Y 150 0
50 INDIAN POINT 1 N NA 0 3
51 INDIAN POINT 2 N NA 0 3
52 INDIAN POINT 3 N NA 0 3
53 KEWAUNEE N NA 0 10
54 LACROSSE Y N 100 0
55 LASALLE 1-2 Y Y 0 0
56 LIMERICK 1-2 Y N 50 0
57 MAINE YANKEE Y Y 0 0
58 MCGUIRE 1 Y N 0 0
59 MCGUIRE 2 Y N 0 0
60 MILLSTONE 1 Y N 115 0
61 MILLSTONE 2 Y N 115 0
62 MILLSTONE 3 Y N 115 0
63 MONTICELLO Y Y 0 0
64 NINE MILE POINT 1 Y Y 125 0
65 NINE MILE POINT 2 Y Y 125 0
66 NORTH ANNA 1&2 Y Y 50 0
67 NORTH ANNA DRY STRG Y Y 50 0
68 OCONEE 1&2 N NA 0 35
69 OCONEE 3 N NA 0 35
70 OCONEE DRY STORAGE N NA 0 35
71 OYSTER CREEK 1 N NA 0 30
72 OYSTER CREEK DRY STRG N NA 0 30
73 PALISADES N NA 10 13
74 PALISADES DRY STORAGE N NA 10 13
75 PALO VERDE 1 Y Y 0 0
76 PALO VERDE 2 Y Y 0 0
77 PALO VERDE 3 Y Y 0 0
78 PEACHBOTTOM 2 N NA 0 35
79 PEACHBOTTOM 3 N NA 0 35
80 PERRY 1 Y Y 40 0
81 PILGRIM 1 N NA 0 12
82 POINT BEACH 1&2 N NA 0 16
83 POINT BEACH DRY STRG N NA 0 16
84 PRAIRIE ISLAND 1&2 Y N 25 0
85 PRAIRIE ISLAND DRY STRG Y N 25 0
86 QUAD CITIES 1 Y N 0 0
87 RANCHO SECO 1 Y N 0 0
88 RANCHO SECO DRY STRG Y N 0 0
89 RIVER BEND 1 Y N 175 0
90 ROBINSON 2 Y Y 0 0
91 ROBINSON DRY STORAGE Y Y 0 0
92 SALEM 1 N NA 0 23
93 SALEM 2 N NA 0 23
94 SAN ONOFRE 1 Y Y 200 0
95 SAN ONOFRE 2 Y Y 200 0
96 SAN ONOFRE 3 Y Y 200 0
97 SEABROOK 1 Y N 135 0
98 SEQUOYAH 1 Y Y 10 0
99 SHOREHAM N NA 0 10
100 SOUTH TEXAS 1 Y Y 85 0
101 SOUTH TEXAS 2 Y Y 85 0
102 ST LUCIE 1 N NA 0 10
103 ST LUCIE 2 N NA 0 10
104 SUMMER 1 Y Y 0 0
105 SURRY 1&2 N NA 0 30
106 SURRY DRY STORAGE N NA 0 30
107 SUSQUEHANNA 1-2 Y Y 0 0
108 SUSQUEHANNA DRY STRG Y Y 0 0
109 THREE MILE ISLAND 1 Y Y 0 0
110 TROJAN Y Y 0 0
111 TURKEY POINT 3 N NA 0 30
112 TURKEY POINT 4 N NA 0 30
113 VERMONT YANKEE 1 Y Y 75 0
114 VOGTLE 1-2 Y N N 25 0
115 WASH NUCLEAR 2 Y Y 0 0
116 WATTS BAR 1&2        
117 WATERFORD 3 Y Y 25 0
118 WOLF CREEK 1 Y N 10 0
119 YANKEE-ROWE 1 N NA 0 7
120 ZION 1&2 Y Y 0 0
121 HANFORD SNF STRG ND ND ND ND
122 HANFORD SNF STRG ND ND ND ND
123 INEL SNF STRG ND ND ND ND
124 INEL SNF STRG ND ND ND ND
125 INEL SNF STRG ND ND ND ND
126 SAVANNAH RV SNF STRG ND ND ND ND
127 SAVANNAH RV SNF STRG ND ND ND ND
128 WEST VALLEY SNF STRG ND ND ND ND
129 WEST VALLEY SNF STRG ND ND ND ND
130 MORRIS Y Y 0 0
131 MORRIS Y Y 0 0
132 GENERAL ATOMICS ND ND ND ND
========================
Near-Site Infrastructure Considerations:
  OSR: onsite rail (yes, no, not applic)
  OP?: onsite rail operating? (yes, no, not applic)
  OS$: onsite rail upgrade cost (000$)
  OFD: distance to offsite rail (miles)
Shipment Cask Options:
  R125:Large MPC for up to 21 PWR or 40 BWR
  R75: Small MPC for up to 12 PWR or 24 BWR
  LWT: Legal-weight truck casks.... GA-4/9 if avail, NLI-1/2 or NAC LWT otherwise

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