Anadolu Agency: News in English, 00-12-09

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MOTSYK, UKRANIAN AMBASSADOR IN ANKARA, SPEAKS TO A.A

ANKARA - Oleksander Motsyk, the Ukranian Ambassador in Ankara, said on Saturday that closure of Chernobyl, was an issue of Ukranian domestic policy but also an issue which concerns international community as well.

Responding to the questions of A.A correspondent about the closure of Chernobyl nuclear power plant as a whole on December 15, Motsyk pointed out that Chernobyl was an important problem of the Ukranian domestic policy, adding that international dimensions of the issue could not be ignored.

Recalling that 8 percent of the Ukranian territories were declared as ''banned zone,'' since 1986 after the Chernobyl disaster, and that 12 percent of the budget were allocated to the issues related with the accident every year, Motsyk said lives of 3.5 million Ukranians were effected by the disaster.

Pointing out that radioactive influence was not only limited with Ukraine, Motsyk underlined that the disaster had an international dimension.

Motsyk said, ''at the moment, the issue is one of the most important domestic issues of Ukraine. Closure of Chernobyl, was an issue of Ukranian domestic policy but also an issue which concerns international community as well. As you know, when the accident happened in 1986, Ukranine was not an independent country. All the responsibility should not be imposed on Ukraine. International community should have financial contributions.''

Motsyk said most of the financial source, that was required to purify the reactor, which the accident occurred in Chernobyl, was met, adding that approximately 600 million U.S. dollars was needed for the people who had to leave their homes and works because of the accident.

''We have decided to close Chernobyl as we could not bear the risks of a new disaster in the world, not only in Ukraine,'' the Ambassador said, adding that 5 percent of the Ukranian electricity was met by the reactor which would be closed. He said two new reactors were constructed in order to compensate the electricity gap caused by the closing of Chernobyl.''

Stating that Ukraine was not an oil rich country and that she imported those from Russia, Motsyk said nuclear energy did not have alternatives for Ukranie under today's conditions.

Motysk said, ''today, there are five nuclear power plants and 14 reactors which are on operation. Those met 35-40 percent of Ukraine's energy need. I can not know what the alternative energy sources in the future will be, but it is impossible for Ukraine today to give up nuclear energy. Because it has no alternative.''

When recalled that International Nuclear Energy Agency declared concerns that nuclear power plants in some former eastern bloc were not safe, Motsyk said the agency from time to time brought its concerns about the nuclear power plants, noting that it was natural.

Motysk said, ''the best you can do in nuclear power plants is to improve the security and protection levels as far as possible. Nobody can 100 percent guarantee the safety of nuclear power plants.''

Motsyk recalled that Ukraine contributed to the nuclear opposers by giving up its nuclear arsenal.

When recalled the news reports that Chernobyl power plant will be re- activated on December 11, Motsyk said activities in Chernobyl will certainly end on December 15 at 01:16, and that it would be out of question for the power plant to operate again.


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