STATEMENT OF ROBERT J. HALSTEAD ON BEHALF OF
THE STATE OF NEVADA AGENCY FOR NUCLEAR PROJECTS
REGARDING U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT (DEIS) FOR A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY FOR THE DISPOSAL OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL AND HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA

PRESENTED AT THE PUBLIC HEARING IN
SAN BERNARDINO, CALIFORNIA
FEBRUARY 22, 2000

San Bernardino, California, is an especially appropriate location for a public hearing on DOE's Yucca Mountain draft EIS. California will be heavily impacted by the transportation of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW) to the proposed repository. San Bernardino will likely be one of the most heavily affected cities in California. Under some scenarios evaluated by DOE, all of the shipments to Yucca Mountain would pass through San Bernardino County.

The DEIS fails to identify the specific transportation routes through California evaluated by DOE contractors as part of the analyses reported in Chapter 6 and Appendix J. The manner in which the comment period and public hearings were noticed by DOE was and is misleading and intended to suppress public participation and public comments. In January, DOE decided to reveal state route maps on its website at http://www.ymp.gov/timeline/eis/routes/ca_b_r00.pdf. Attachment 1 shows DOE's California map. DOE has not, however, provided information on the projected types and numbers of shipments along each route. Based on data in DEIS Tables J-5 and J-6, the Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects has calculated the probable SNF and HLW volume flows along each major cross-country route to Yucca Mountain.

DOE contractors evaluated a preferred highway route to Yucca Mountain from California and Utah, I-15 to US95 via the new Las Vegas Beltway, and six alternative highway routes. Under DOE's mostly truck scenario, about 12,900 truck shipments (13% of the total) travel through California over 39 years, an average of just under 1 truck per day. (See Table 1) Under four of the six alternative routing scenarios, all 96,000 truck shipments travel through San Bernardino County, an average of about six shipments per day. The primary routes from California reactors are I-5, I-10, and I-210 through the Los Angeles metropolitan area to I-15, joined by out-of-state shipments on I-10 and I-40 at San Bernardino and Barstow.

DOE did not identify a preferred route rail, but evaluated four routing options for potential new rail spurs in Nevada. Under DOE's mostly rail scenario, the number of shipments through California ranges from about 1,300 to 4,100, an average of 1 to 2 shipments per week over four decades, depending on rail spur location. (See Tables 2, 3, 4, & 5) Primary rail routes include the UP lines through Sacramento, Roseville, Fresno, Los Angeles, San Bernardino, and Barstow; and the BNSF lines through Riverside and San Bernardino. In addition to these rail shipments, there would also be 44 truck shipments from Humboldt Bay on I-5 to I-15.

Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects staff and contractors have critically reviewed DOE's shipment scenarios and routing assumptions. Based on these analyses, Nevada believes that the maximum credible number of truck shipments through California is about 74,000 over 39 years, an average of about 5 trucks per day. (See Table 6) Nevada believes the most likely national transportation scenario will involve each reactor shipping by truck or by rail according to its current capabilities, and a consolidated southern routing strategy which concentrates shipments on I-40 and the BNSF and UP mainlines through Arizona. Under Nevada's current capabilities scenario, California would be traversed by a total of 26,400 truck shipments and 9,800 rail shipments, a combined average of about 2.5 shipments per day over 39 years. (See Tables 7 & 8)

Nevada's comprehensive comments on transportation safety and security are available on the web at www.state.nv.us/nucwaste.

Table 1

TABLE 1    
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS    
RAIL AND TRUCK SHIPMENTS THROUGH CALIFORNIA    
DOE NATIONAL MOSTLY TRUCK SCENARIO    
DOE BASE CASE ROUTING (TRW1999u Data, Ch. 4, file.bt.map.prn)    
     
  PROPOSED ACTION MODULES 1&2
  (2010 - 2033) (2010 - 2048)
     
     
SHIPMENTS USING I-5/I-10/I-15 CORRIDOR    
     
Humboldt Bay(CA) 44 44
Rancho Seco(CA) 124 124
Diablo Canyon(CA) 632 1308
San Onofre(CA) 867 1284
Corridor Subtotal 1667 2760
     
     
SHIPMENTS ENTERING ON I-40 CORRIDOR    
     
Farley(AL) 633 1126
Arkansas(AR) 634 963
Grand Gulf(MS) 516 1016
Comanche Peak(TX) 559 1558
Corridor Subtotal 2342 4663
     
     
SHIPMENTS ENTERING ON I-10 CORRIDOR    
     
Palo Verde(AZ) 1018 2498
River Bend(LA) 324 823
Waterford(LA) 313 675
South Texas(TX) 485 1448
Corridor Subtotal 2140 5444
     
     
CALIFORNIA TOTAL 6149 12867

Table 2

TABLE 2    
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS    
RAIL AND TRUCK SHIPMENTS THROUGH CALIFORNIA    
DOE NATIONAL MOSTLY RAIL SCENARIO    
DOE RAIL ROUTING TO YM VIA CALIENTE (TRW1999u Data, Ch. 4, file.ca_rail.prn)    
     
  PROPOSED ACTION MODULES 1&2
  (2010 - 2033) (2010 - 2048)
     
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM CALIFORNIA    
     
Diablo Canyon (CA) (UP) 200 343
Rancho Seco(CA)(UP) 21 21
San Onofre(CA)(BNSF) 143 207
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM ARIZONA    
Palo Verde(AZ)(UP) 156 350
South Texas(TX)(UP) 151 358
     
TOTAL RAIL SHIPMENTS 671 1279
     
     
TRUCK SHIPMENTS FROM CALIFORNIA    
     
Humboldt Bay(CA) 44 44

Table 3

TABLE 3    
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS    
RAIL AND TRUCK SHIPMENTS THROUGH CALIFORNIA    
DOE NATIONAL MOSTLY RAIL SCENARIO    
DOE RAIL ROUTING TO YM VIA BEOWAWE (TRW1999u Data, Ch. 4, file.be_rail.prn)    
     
  PROPOSED ACTION MODULES 1&2
  (2010 - 2033) (2010 - 2048)
     
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM CALIFORNIA    
     
Diablo Canyon (CA) (UP) 200 343
Rancho Seco(CA)(UP) 21 21
San Onofre(CA)(BNSF) 143 207
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM ARIZONA    
Palo Verde(AZ)(UP) 156 350
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM OREGON    
Trojan (OR)(BNSF) 33 33
WPPSS (WA)(BNSF) 53 107
DOE-Hanford SNF(WA)(BNSF) 147 157
DOE-Hanford HLW(WA)(BNSF) 400 2900
     
TOTAL RAIL SHIPMENTS 1153 4118
     
     
TRUCK SHIPMENTS FROM CALIFORNIA    
     
Humboldt Bay(CA) 44 44

Table 4

TABLE 4    
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS    
RAIL AND TRUCK SHIPMENTS THROUGH CALIFORNIA    
DOE NATIONAL MOSTLY RAIL SCENARIO    
DOE RAIL ROUTING TO YM VIA JEAN (TRW1999u Data, Ch. 4, file.je_rail.prn)    
     
  PROPOSED ACTION MODULES 1&2
  (2010 - 2033) (2010 - 2048)
     
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM CALIFORNIA    
     
Diablo Canyon (CA) (UP) 200 343
Rancho Seco(CA)(UP) 21 21
San Onofre(CA)(BNSF) 143 207
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM ARIZONA    
Palo Verde(AZ)(UP) 156 350
St. Lucie (FL)(UP) 88 140
La Salle(IL)(BNSF) 89 172
Quad Cities(IL)(BNSF) 299 419
River Bend(LA)(UP) 48 101
Waterford(LA)(UP) 49 91
Comanche Peak(TX)(BNSF) 90 246
South Texas(TX)(UP) 151 358
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM OREGON    
Trojan (OR)(BNSF) 33 33
     
TOTAL RAIL SHIPMENTS 1367 2481

Table 5

TABLE 5    
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS    
RAIL AND TRUCK SHIPMENTS THROUGH CALIFORNIA    
DOE NATIONAL MOSTLY RAIL SCENARIO    
DOE RAIL ROUTING TO YM VIA APEX (TRW1999u Data, Ch. 4, file.ap_rail.prn)    
     
  PROPOSED ACTION MODULES 1&2
  (2010 - 2033) (2010 - 2048)
     
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM CALIFORNIA    
     
Diablo Canyon (CA) (UP) 200 343
Rancho Seco(CA)(UP) 21 21
San Onofre(CA)(BNSF) 143 207
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM ARIZONA    
Palo Verde(AZ)(UP) 156 350
River Bend(LA)(UP) 48 101
Waterford(LA)(UP) 49 91
South Texas(TX)(UP) 151 358
     
RAIL SHIPMENTS FROM OREGON    
Trojan (OR)(BNSF) 33 33
     
TOTAL RAIL SHIPMENTS 801 1504
     
     
TRUCK SHIPMENTS FROM CALIFORNIA    
     
Humboldt Bay(CA) 44 44

Table 7

TABLE 7    
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS    
TRUCK SHIPMENTS THROUGH SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA    
NEVADA CURRENT CAPABILITIES SCENARIO, DOE MODULE 2    
NV/PIC CONSOLIDATED SOUTHERN ROUTING    
     
     
CALIFORNIA TOTAL   26375
     
CORRIDOR I-5/I-10/I-15   1352
     
Humboldt Bay(CA) 44  
Diablo Canyon(CA) 1308  
Corridor Subtotal 1352  
     
     
CORRIDOR I-40/I-15   25023
     
Browns Ferry(AL) 2067  
Haddam Neck(CT) 255  
Crystal River(FL) 442  
St. Lucie(FL) 1086  
Turkey Point(FL) 871  
Dresden/Morris(IL) 1569  
Pilgrim(MA) 476  
Yankee-Rowe(MA) 134  
Calvert Cliffs(MD) 1140  
Big Rock Point(MI) 131  
Cook(MI) 1235  
Fermi(MI) 764  
Palisades(MI) 454  
Monticello(MN) 342  
Callaway(MO) 735  
Grand Gulf(MS) 1016  
Cooper(NE) 454  
Fort Calhoun(NE) 362  
Oyster Creek(NJ) 519  
Salem/Hope Creek(NJ) 1992  
Fitzpatrick/Nine Mile(NY) 1971  
Ginna(NY) 379  
Indian Point(NY) 1155  
Peach Bottom(PA) 1408  
Oconee(SC) 1500  
Surry (VA) 902  
Vt Yankee(VT) 484  
Kewaunee(WI) 401  
LaCrosse(WI) 37  
Point Beach(WI) 742  
Corridor Subtotal 25023  

Table 8

TABLE 8      
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS      
RAIL SHIPMENTS THROUGH SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA      
NEVADA CURRENT CAPABILITIES SCENARIO,DOE MODULE 2      
NV/PIC CONSOLIDATED SOUTHERN ROUTING      
       
       
CALIFORNIA TOTAL     9831
       
UNION PACIFIC(SP) from Rancho Seco      
       
Rancho Seco(CA) 21   21
       
BURLINGTON NORTHERN/SANTA FE from San Onofre      
       
San Onofre(CA) 207   207
       
UNION PACIFIC(SP) from Palo Verde via Yuma, AZ      
       
Palo Verde(CA) 350   350
       
       
BURLINGTON NORTHERN/SANTA FE from Kingman, AZ     9253
       
Farley(AL)   157  
Arkansas(AR)   252  
Millstone(CT)   524  
Hatch(GA)   197  
Vogtle(GA)   431  
Arnold(IA)   158  
Braidwood(IL)   215  
Byron(IL)   244  
Clinton(IL)   200  
La Salle(IL)   172  
Quad Cities(IL)   419  
Zion(IL)   250  
Wolf Creek(KS)   106  
River Bend(LA)   101  
Waterford(LA)   91  
Maine Yankee(ME)   60  
Prairie Island(MN)   221  
Brunswick(NC)   321  
Harris(NC)   258  
McGuire(NC)   427  
Seabrook(NH)   83  
Davis-Besse(OH)   71  
Perry(OH)   82  
Beaver Valley(PA)   160  
Limerick(PA)   497  
Susquehanna(PA)   219  
Three Mile Island(PA)   113  
Catawba(SC)   253  
Robinson(SC)   97  
Summer(SC)   82  
DOE-Savannah River(SC)   1739  
Sequoyah(TN)   161  
Watts Bar(TN)   121  
Comanche Peak(TX)   246  
South Texas(TX)   358  
North Anna(VA)   167  
Corridor Subtotal   9253