STATEMENT OF ROBERT J. HALSTEAD ON BEHALF OF THE STATE OF NEVADA AGENCY FOR NUCLEAR PROJECTS REGARDING U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT FOR A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY FOR THE DISPOSAL OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL AND HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA

PRESENTED AT THE PUBLIC HEARING IN

LINCOLN, NEBRASKA
JANUARY 24, 2000

    Transportation of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW) is inherently risky business. At previous hearings, our preliminary transportation comments have addressed specific deficiencies in DOE's Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) regarding the radiological hazards of the SNF and HLW that DOE proposes to ship to Yucca Mountain, the shipment modes and routes, the risks associated with legal weight truck (LWT) transport, the vulnerability of shipments to human initiated events including terrorism and sabotage, DOE's failure to identify a preferred rail access corridor to Yucca Mountain, and DOE's failure to demonstrate the feasibility of heavy haul truck (HHT) transportation from an intermodal transfer station to the proposed repository, impacts of rail construction and operation, impacts on Native American lands and cultural resources, and social and economic impacts of public perception of transportation risks. These statements are available on the web at www.state.nv.us/nucwaste. At upcoming hearings we will address radiological health effects of routine transportation and radiological consequences of severe accidents.

    Today our comments focus on DOE's failure to identify the cross-country truck and rail routes evaluated in the DEIS. The draft EIS fails to identify the specific transportation routes for spent fuel and HLW shipments from specific reactor and generator locations to Yucca Mountain despite the fact that these routes were identified as part of the analyses contained in the transportation appendix. DOE, in effect, has chosen to hide these routes and simply report the analyses in a generic fashion.

    The manner in which the comment period and public hearings were noticed by DOE was and is misleading and intended to suppress public participation and public comments. Notices make no reference to the specific transportation routes, the types and volumes of shipments along each route, and the impacts to specific communities along identified routes.

    Under the DEIS mostly truck scenario, DOE's preferred Nevada route to Yucca Mountain is I-15, the Las Vegas Beltway (I-215), and US 95. Using the HIGHWAY model, DOE contractors generated national routes from the 77 shipping sites to connect with the Las Vegas Beltway. These national routes are not revealed in the DEIS, but they are disclosed in the DEIS references, which can be accessed on the worldwide web at www.ymp.gov/timeline/eis/trw1999udata.

    The routes used for the mostly truck impact analysis in the DEIS correspond to actual cross-country routes to I-15 and the Las Vegas Beltway. These routes generally are I-80 for shipments from the Northeastern and North Central states, I-70 for shipments from Southeastern and Midwestern states, and I-10 and I-40 for shipments from South Central and Southwestern states. Shipments from the Pacific Northwest and Idaho use I-84 and I-15. Shipments from Arizona and California use I-5, I-10, and I-15. [See DEIS reference TRW 1999udata, Chapter 4, file bt_map.prn. The origin-destination distances generated in miles in this file correspond to the origin-destination distances given in kilometers in DEIS Table J-11] The DEIS compares the transportation impacts calculated for the preferred route with impacts for six potential alternative routes identified by the State of Nevada to minimize shipments through the Las Vegas Valley. [See Table J-48]

    The routes used in the DEIS make Nebraska one of the most heavily affected corridor states for truck shipments to Yucca Mountain, but the DEIS makes no specific reference to transportation impacts in Nebraska. One of the major truck routes to Yucca Mountain enters Nebraska on I-680 from Iowa, reconnects with I-80 in Omaha, and follows I-80 across Nebraska and then through Wyoming and Utah. According to the HIGHWAY model outputs in the DEIS reference, trucks using this route travel 459 miles in Nebraska in about 7 hours. Truck shipments using this route are presented in Table 1. Under the mostly truck scenario, proposed action, more than 20,400 truck shipments of SNF and HLW (about 41% of the total) traverse Nebraska over 24 years. Under the mostly truck scenario, modules 1 & 2, about 33,700 truckloads of SNF and HLW (about 35% of the total) traverse Nebraska over 39 years. Under either scenario, an average of two trucks per day would travel through Nebraska every day for decades. Additionally, Nebraska would be traversed by about 1,000 truck shipments of greater-than-Class-C low-level radioactive wastes to Yucca Mountain during the same time period.

    Rail shipments to Yucca Mountain would have an even heavier impact on Nebraska. The DEIS evaluated four rail routing scenarios generated using the INTERLINE model. Under the DEIS routing scenarios, two major streams of rail shipments to Yucca Mountain converge in Gibbon, Nebraska, at the junction of the Union Pacific mainlines from Chicago and Kansas City. A smaller number of shipments travel the UP from Nebraska City through Omaha to Fremont, and the BNSF from Pacific Junction, Iowa through Lincoln to Denver. Rail shipments along these routes, which total more than 900 route miles in Nebraska, are presented in Tables 2 and 3. Under the mostly rail scenario, proposed action, more than 8,900 rail shipments (about 82% of the total) traverse Nebraska over 24 years. Under the mostly rail scenario, modules 1 & 2, more than 13,900 rail shipments (about 70% of the total) traverse Nebraska over 39 years. Under either scenario, an average of 1 rail cask-shipment per day would travel through Nebraska every day for decades. Additionally, I-680 and I-80 through Nebraska would be traversed by about 1,900 to 2,600 truck shipments of SNF from reactors in New England, New York, and Minnesota, an average of about one truck shipment per week, during the same time period.


TABLE 1      
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS      
SHIPMENTS THROUGH NEBRASKA ON I-80      
DOE MOSTLY TRUCK SCENARIO      
DOE BASE CASE ROUTING      
    Proposed
Action
  Modules
1&2
Truck Shipments of Commercial SNF      
Haddam Neck(CT)   255 255
Millstone(CT)   1066 1669
Arnold(IA)   279 420
Braidwood(IL)   615 1494
Byron(IL)   617 1444
Clinton(IL)   296 690
Dresden/Morris(IL)   1386 1569
La Salle(IL)   596 1261
Quad Cities(IL)   798 1123
Zion(IL)   771 1028
Pilgrim(MA)   316 476
Yankee-Rowe(MA)   134 134
Calvert Cliffs(MD)   757 1140
Maine Yankee(ME)   356 356
Big Rock Point(MI)   131 131
Cook(MI)   824 1235
Fermi(MI)   312 764
Palisades(MI)   367 454
Monticello(MN)   267 342
Prairie Island(MN)   572 805
Cooper(NE)   274 454
Fort Calhoun(NE)   258 362
Seabrook(NH)   235 630
Oyster Creek(NJ)   424 519
Salem/Hope Creek(NJ)   1027 1992
Fitzpatrick/Nine Mile(NY)   1094 1971
Ginna(NY)   309 379
Indian Point(NY)   701 1155
Davis-Besse(OH)   286 535
Perry(OH)   288 631
Beaver Valley(PA)   551 1156
Limerick(PA)   693 1722
Peach Bottom(PA)   924 1408
Susquehanna(PA)   808 1582
Three Mile Island(PA)   287 435
Vt Yankee(VT)   369 484
Kewaunee(WI)   288 401
LaCrosse(WI)   37 37
Point Beach(WI)   575 742
Corridor Subtotal   20143 33385
       
Truck Shipments of DOE SNF & HLW      
DOE West Valley(NY) HLW 300 300

TABLE 2      
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS      
RAIL SHIPMENTS THROUGH NEBRASKA FROM IOWA AND NEBRASKA      
DOE MOSTLY RAIL SCENARIO      
DOE BASE CASE ROUTING      
    Proposed
Action
  Modules
1&2
Rail Shipments from Nebraska Reactors      
UP from Nebraska City to Omaha to Fremont to Cheyenne, WY, 521.9 miles in NE)      
Cooper(NE)   103 166
UP from Blair to Fremont to Cheyenne, WY, 449.5 miles in NE)      
Ft Calhoun(NE)   87 121
Total from Nebraska   190 287
       
Rail Shipments through Nebraska from Iowa      
UP from California Jct., IA, to Fremont to Cheyenne, WY, 451.5 miles in NE      
Millstone(CT)   367 524
Arnold(IA)   105 158
Braidwood(IL)   95 215
Byron(IL)   136 244
Clinton(IL)   103 200
Dresden/Morris   429 491
Zion(IL)   147 250
Yankee Rowe(MA)   15 15
Calvert Cliffs(MD)   198 303
Maine Yankee(ME)   60 60
Big Rock Pt(MI)   8 8
Cook(MI)   214 346
Fermi(MI)   100 199
Palisades(MI)   78 117
Prairie Island(MN)   151 221
Grand Gulf(MS)   76 143
Seabrook(NH)   37 83
Oyster Creek(NJ)   108 151
Salem/Hope Creek(NJ)   239 421
Fitzpatrick(NY)   54 79
Nine Mile Pt(NY)   236 373
DOE-West Valley HLW 60 60
DOE-West Valley SPAR 56 56
Davis-Besse(OH)   44 71
Perry(OH)   42 82
Beaver Valley(PA)   86 160
Limerick(PA)   262 497
Peach Bottom(PA)   265 403
Susquehanna(PA)   119 219
Three Mile Island(PA)   71 113
North Anna(VA)   101 167
Vermont Yankee(VT)   139 182
Kewaunee(WI)   73 106
Pt Beach(WI)   93 118
Corridor Subtotal   4367 6835
       
BNSF from Pacific Jct., IA, to Oreapolis to Lincoln to Bush, Colorado, 387.0 miles in NE      
LaSalle(IL)   89 172
Quad Cities(IL)   299 419
Corridor Subtotal   388 591
       
Total from Iowa   4755 7426

TABLE 3    
YMDEIS TRANSPORTATION IMPACTS    
RAIL SHIPMENTS THROUGH NEBRASKA FROM MISSOURI    
DOE MOSTLY RAIL SCENARIO    
DOE BASE CASE ROUTING    
     
  Proposed
Action
  Modules
1&2
UP from Kansas City, KS to Gibbon, NE to Cheyenne, WY, 403.5 miles in NE    
Browns Ferry(AL)(SNF) 327 590
Farley(AL)(SNF) 103 157
Arkansas(AR)(SNF) 170 252
St Lucie 2(FL)(SNF) 88 140
Turkey Point(FL)(SNF) 145 228
Hatch(GA)(SNF) 128 197
Vogtle(GA)(SNF) 195 431
Wolf Creek(KS)(SNF) 52 106
Callaway(MO)(SNF) 62 114
Brunswick(NC)(SNF) 201 321
Harris(NC)(SNF) 150 258
McGuire(NC)(SNF) 253 427
Catawba(SC)(SNF) 148 253
Oconee(SC)(SNF) 254 373
Robinson(SC)(SNF) 75 97
Summer(SC)(SNF) 46 82
DOE-Savannah River(SC)(SNF) 149 159
DOE-Savannah River(SC)(HLW) 1200 1240
DOE-Savannah River(SC)(GTCC) 0 75
DOE-Savannah River(SC)(SPAR) 0 290
Sequoyah(TN)(SNF) 90 161
Watts Bar(TN)(SNF) 21 121
Surry(VA)(SNF) 105 144
Corridor Subtotal 3962 6216